I am Mark Bruce and would like to discuss an opportunity with you
to do a spring clean up in your area in the up coming spring
months. Interested parties located within the Santee River
Watershed need to email me as soon as possible so that we can get
an early start on the summer time fun.
p. s. Here is my email so that you can contact me: MarkBruce@SanteeRiverkeeper.org
The New Year arrived early for the Santee Riverkeeper
Alliance. Earlier this past autumn, Mitch Seruya, from
Sumter, South Carolina, notified the executive director of the
Alliance that his family is donating a boat for the Alliance's
efforts in protecting water quality within the Santee River
Watershed. Seruya, a professional angler from the southeast,
knows that better water quality means better fishing. The
Alliance sincerely thanks the Seruya family for their generous
gift. Mark Bruce says the boat will be put to good use
patrolling the Santee River Watershed starting in 2012.
Broken glass hidden under the water is dangerous to swimmers and
waders. While the water is low now would be a good time to
walk along your favorite swimming area and pick up any sharp object
lying on the shore. Also, purchase some protective
footwear to use while swimming.
In 1972, the Clean Water Act was established to
protect our waterbodys from pollution. Furthermore, in 1998
the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21)
Restoration Act was established to prohibit possession and
consumption of alcoholic beverages in the passenger areas of motor
land vehicles. The objective of both laws is clearly to
provide a greater degree of public health and safety.
As of July 2011 in South Carolina just within the past 6 months,
there has been a total of 280 recorded sewage overflows (sewage
pipes are containers) spilling 1,870,154 gallons of sewage into
neighborhoods, rivers, and streams, etc. Extrapolating these
numbers from a state level to the country level that comes to
approximately 900 billion gallons of estimated waste water
overflows that is introduced into our public trust waters
illegally. Each open container found in a vehicle is subject
to a fine of let's say a national average of $100.00 per
As of February 2011, the public portion of the overall debt is
900 billion gallons x 128 ounces/gallon = 115.2 trillion ounces
of sewage overflow.
Using just 1% of the motor land vehicle open container fine
amount we get a 0.08333333333 $/ounce fine.
115.2 trillion ounces sewage overflow * 0.08333333333 $/ounce =
Ironically, the total amount of potential fine revenue for
sewage overflows is the same as the "publically" held portion of
the federal budget deficit. If the provisions of the Clean
Water Act were enforced there may be an opportunity to balance the
"publics" portion of the federal budget deficit while at the same
time send a notification to those who pollute our public trust
waters that we are watching out not only for the fishable and
swimmable aspects of our waterbodys but also our health.
HR 2018 threatens the Environmental Protection Agency's
authority of enforcement actions when an entity pollutes the
environment and gives that authority to the states. This
legislation is a step backwards to the days prior to the Clean
Water Act. Comparitively, on January 1, 1994, Canada, Mexico
and United States entered into a agreement named the North American
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) which is an
environmental agreement between the United States of America,
Canada and Mexico as a side-treaty of the North American Free Trade
Agreement (NAFTA). In effect, the creation of the NAAEC
acknowledged the need for a cooperative commission for the
protection of the North American environment in a similiar manner
the Clean Water act granted the authority of the EPA to protect the
public trust waters of the United States. The passage of HR 2018 in
the House clearly demonstrates an attempt by those supporting this
bill to circumvent the Clean Water Act that was clearly created to
protect the public trust waters of the United States and thus the
health of its people.
According to my research, it has been 32 years since some of the
first synthetic liners were installed at the toxic waste dump
located near Rimini, SC. Also, according to the research those
liners are warranted for only 50 years.
I have spoken with a state authority responsible for managing
and maintaining the monitoring wells in and surrounding the toxic
waste dump near Rimini, SC and according to them the measurements
from the samples are within tolerance.
On the other hand, my opinion is that once ground water
contamination occurs it is too late. We have a zero tolerance
campaign for littering. How about a zero tolerance campaign
for toxic waste dump contamination of groundwater?
Dedicated to U!
The 3rd Annual Santee Riverkeeper Waterbody Rally is
dedicated to U. You are the one who loves water. You
are the one who walks the shores and picks up garbage. You
are the one who says "pick that up." You are the one
who silently picks it up. You are the one who notices.
You are the one that recycles. You are the one who designs
products with the environment in mind. You are the one who
buys products with the environment in mind. You are the
one who adjusts the burners to optimize the vortex. You are
the one who turns the light off when not in that room. You
are the one who plants. You are the one who harvests.
You are the one who writes the memo. You are the one who
reads it. You are the one who takes action. You are the
one who volunteers. You are the one who donates. You
are the one who knows why. You are the one who is curious and
asks why. You are the one who takes measurements. You
are the one who reads gauges. You are the one who writes the
rules & regs. You are the one who enforces
them. You are the one who doesn't want credit but only wants
to make a difference. You are a responsible water shed
citizen. Clean water is not a gamble. It is due to the
efforts of all of U and the reason: Clean Water. Here's to
Chapel Branch probably once was a thermal refuge during
the hot summer months for whatever population amounts of the
short-nosed sturgeon that still exist in Lake Marion. As of 1998,
there were no accurate population estimates of the short-nosed
sturgeon within the Santee River, Lake Marion, or Lake Moultrie.
The cool water that flows from an underground artesian well at the
head waters of Chapel Branch near Santee, South Carolina was a
perfect place for the sturgeon to escape the warm waters of the
lake during the summer months. However, at least for the past
seventeen years the problem is that the creek has been filled in
with storm water sediment and now there exists only a narrow
channel approximately 15 feet wide and approximately 2 feet deep
during the summer months. Flowing through two storm water pipes
storm water is excavating and dumping sediment originating from the
streets of Town of Santee and a gulch between Interstate 95 and
Bass Drive. The flow of the creek has been all but
dammed by the
The Lake Marion population segment of short-nosed sturgeon
is considered land-locked. 
There are also other factors pertinent to the population decline
of the short-nosed sturgeon: the introduction of invasive species
that create predatory competition with the sturgeon (certain
species of catfish), contaminants that interfere with reproduction
(PCB's, waste water effluent), hydrological barriers that prevent
the natural migration of the sturgeon (dams), and capture from
fishing (bait and hook), etc. 
Populations Trends for Short-nose Sturgeon in
The short-nose sturgeon was listed as endangered
throughout its range on March 11, 1967 under the Endangered Species
Preservation Act of 1966 (a predecessor to the Endangered Species
Act of 1973). The NMFS later assumed jurisdiction for short-nose
sturgeon under a 1974 government reorganization plan outlined in
Federal Register Id (38 FR 41370).
 National Marine Fisheries Service. 1998. Recovery Plan for the
short-nose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum). Silver Springs,
Maryland. 104 pages.
 National Marine Fisheries Service. 2004. Biennial Report to
Congress on the Recovery Program for Threatened and Endangered
Species, October 1, 2002-September 30, 2004. Washington (DC):
Department of Commerce.
[A] extinct or not measured or can't seem to locate
If there are any errors or ommissions, please contact Riverkeeper@SanteeRiverkeeper.org.
About fifteen years ago I attended the Annual Shad Festival held
at Boscobel in Garrison, New York overlooking the beautiful Henry
Hudson River. While listening to one of the speakers, I
learned something very interesting and new to me at the time.
Most, if not all, of the United States jurisdictional waters are
owned by the citizens of the United States. There are
agencies and departments at many different levels that manage the
public trust waters and they do their job with the resources
allotted to them by the various budgeting committees. We fund
these agencies and put our trust in them to do the right thing
given the circumstances that have to be considered at any point in
time such as the rainfall amounts, the heat index, wind chill, the
economy, how much fuel is in the tank, whether there's bread in the
pantry, meat on the grill, and finally checking to see if that
little 'ole yellow light bulb that is used on the front porch that
doesn't attract flies at night isn't burnt out, and many
lovers from all around the world have a common mission to
protect our water quality. They come from all walks of life,
nationalities, and parties to work together. Each ones
primary goal is to assist in a common vision to ensure that your
water is pure enough to drink, clean enough to swim in, healthy
enough for animals to drink and fish to live in. They work
long hours just as others do within other organizations and
sometimes for nothing to seek out polluters, and to search for
solutions with pollution problems and seek partnerships with
When I grew up on Lake Marion, I heard many individuals give
their opinion about the water such as the water levels, garbage,
litter, tires, and toxic waste dumps. I was young then and
was very far from understanding the dynamics, scope and
ramifications of how water affects every aspect of our daily
life. My primary concerns about the water back then was
where the schools of large mouth bass in Elliotts Flats were
located and where the best place to place a few dozen duck decoys
in Sparkleberry Swamp was. After returning home I have found
that some things have changed and some things have gotten
better. Some people still complain about the water, and some
people do something about it.
Since the public trust waters of the Santee River Basin are owned
by you, me, and every other citizen who resides in the basin, I'll
call it mine, you can call it yours, and we'll take ownership
and responsibility in continuing our best management practices
(BMP's) to protect our water. Sea you Water Lovers out
on the water…
Human - an organic life form composed of 50%-70% water on
Ocean - a major body of saline water that, in totality, covers
about 71% of the Earth's surface.
Basin - a region of land where water from rain or snowmelt drains
downhill into another body of water, such as a river, lake, or
Bay - an area of water bordered by land on three sides.
Bayou - a small, slow-moving stream or creek.
Beck - a small stream.
Boil - a body of water formed by a spring.
Brook - a small stream.
Burn - a small stream.
Canal - a man-made waterway, usually connected to (and sometimes
connecting) existing lakes, rivers, or oceans.
Channel - the physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait
consisting of a bed and banks. See also stream bed and
Cove - a coastal landform. Earth scientists generally use the term
to describe a circular or round inlet with a narrow entrance,
though colloquially the term is sometimes used to describe any
Creek - a small stream.
Creek (tidal) - an inlet of the sea, narrower than a cove.
Dam - a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or
slows down the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or
impoundment. The word "dam" can also refer to the reservoir rather
than the structure.
Draw - a usually dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills
with water after a heavy rain, or seasonally.
Estuary - a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more
rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to
the open sea
Firth - the Scots word used to denote various coastal waters in
Scotland. It is usually a large sea bay, estuary, inlet, or
Gulf - a part of a lake or ocean that extends so that it is
surrounded by land on three sides, similar to, but larger than a
Harbor - a man-made or naturally occurring body of water where
ships are stored or may shelter from the ocean's weather and
Inlet - a body of water, usually seawater, which has
characteristics of one or more of the following: bay, cove,
estuary, firth fjord, geo, sea loch, or sound.
Lagoon - a body of comparatively shallow salt or brackish water
separated from the deeper sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank,
coral reef, or similar feature.
Lake - a body of water or other liquid, but usually freshwater, of
considerable size contained on a body of land.
Marsh - a wetland featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas,
sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing
woody plants) in a context of shallow water. See also Salt
Millpond - a reservoir built to provide flowing water to a
Oxbow Lake - a U-shaped lake formed when a wide meander from the
mainstem of a river is cut off to create a lake.
Phytotelma - a small, discrete body of water held by some
Pool - a small body of water such as a swimming pool, reflecting
pool, pond, or puddle.
Pond - a body of water smaller than a lake, especially those of
Puddle - a small accumulation of water on a surface, usually the
Rapid - a fast moving part of a river
Reservoir - an artificial lake, used to store water for various
River - a natural waterway usually formed by water derived from
either precipitation or glacial meltwater, and flows from higher
ground to lower ground.
Run - a small stream or part thereof, especially a smoothly
flowing part of a stream.
Salt marsh - a type of marsh that is a transitional zone between
land and an area, such as a slough, bay, or estuary, with salty or
Sea - a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, or
a large, usually saline, lake that lacks a natural outlet such as
the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. In common usage, often synonymous
Slough (wetland) - the word slough has several meanings related to
wetland or aquatic features.
Source (river or stream) - the original point from which the river
or stream flows. A river's source is sometimes a spring.
Spring - a point where groundwater flows out of the ground, and is
thus where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface.
Strait - a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies
of water, and thus lies between two land masses.
Stream - a body of water with a detectable current, confined
within a bed and banks.
Swamp - a wetland that features permanent inundation of large
areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a
substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
Tide pool - a rocky pool adjacent to an ocean and filled with
Vernal pool - a shallow, natural depression in level ground, with
no permanent above-ground outlet, that holds water
Wash - a usually dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills
with water after a heavy rain, or seasonally.
Wetland - an environment at the interface between truly
terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them
different from each yet highly dependent on both